Australian Shepherd Care: A Comprehensive Guide

australian shepherd care

Did you know that Australian Shepherds weren’t actually from Australia? They weigh between 40–65 pounds and can live for 12–15 years. These dogs are medium-sized, very smart, and always on the move. They came from the Pyrenees Mountains.

Aussies love to stay active and are known for their colorful coats. Some have tails that are naturally short. Yet, the practice of tail docking in non-working dogs has caused debate. Originally, they were excellent at herding, which shows in their strong work drive. They are loyal friends that have won over people all over.

Key Takeaways

  • Aussies have an average weight of 40–65 pounds and a lifespan of 12–15 years.
  • Originating in the Pyrenees Mountains, they made their way to the U.S. for herding sheep.
  • Their distinctive coats shed heavily in spring and fall and require regular grooming.
  • Australian Shepherds need at least two hours of exercise daily to stay mentally and physically fit.
  • Early socialization and training are crucial due to their strong herding instincts.
  • Aussies may be prone to health conditions like hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA).

Understanding the Australian Shepherd

The Australian Shepherd, often called an Aussie, is a breed loved for its smarts, flexibility, and beauty. It’s key to look into its breed history, looks, and usual behaviors.

Breed History

The Australian Shepherd didn’t start in Australia. It comes from the Pyrenees Mountains. Basque shepherds brought them to America in the late 1800s. There, they thrived in all sorts of weather and lands.

Aussies are known for their amazing herding skills. They also work as guide dogs, aid in police tasks, and help in rescue missions. Their hard work and pretty looks have won many hearts.

Physical Characteristics

Adult Australian Shepherds weigh between 40–65 pounds. Males are usually bigger than females. Their coats are uniquely multicolored, featuring blue merle, red merle, black, or red. Some have short tails naturally, while others are docked, which is debated. They have a strong and well-balanced body. This helps them do a wide range of tasks well.

physical characteristics



Weight40–65 pounds (male larger)
Lifespan12–15 years
Coat ColorsBlue merle, red merle, black, red
TailNatural bob or docked

Common Personality Traits

Aussies are known for their smart minds and skill in solving problems. They learn obedience quickly and can make choices on their own. But, they might chase after moving things because they have a strong prey drive. This means they need proper training and guidance.

They also need lots of mental challenges to stay happy. Without this, they might act out. Aussies are social. They need to learn how to handle their hunting instincts and sight sensitivity. Owners should watch for any health issues quietly. Aussies might be cautious around strangers, but they shouldn’t be shy or aggressive.

Grooming and Coat Care for Australian Shepherds

Keeping an Australian Shepherd well-groomed is important for their well-being. They have medium to large bodies and unique coats that constantly shed. Knowing how to groom properly and handle the shedding can help you and your dog enjoy grooming time together.

canine nutrition, exercise needs, socialization, training techniques

Regular Brushing Techniques

Australian Shepherds have a thick, double coat that needs regular care. Brushing keeps their fur smooth and helps control shedding. Here’s how to brush them effectively:

  1. Use a slicker brush and undercoat rake to eliminate loose hair and avoid mats.
  2. Aim to brush them at least twice a week, increasing this during shedding seasons.
  3. Add diluted conditioner to keep their coat shiny and healthy.

Dealing with Seasonal Shedding

Seasonal shedding is a big deal with Australian Shepherds, especially in spring and fall. They shed their winter coat heavily. To handle it:

  • Brush them at least three times a week when they’re shedding more.
  • Getting professional grooming helps remove the undercoat well.
  • Feed them a diet rich in proteins and low in carbs for coat health.

Grooming Task


Brushing2-3 times a week
Checking for Ticks/FleasOnce a week
Ear CleaningOnce a week
Nail TrimmingEvery few weeks
BathingOnce a month

Regular grooming, exercise, and the right diet keep your Aussie healthy. Adding training and social activities to grooming can make it fun. It strengthens the bond between you and your pet.

Diet and Nutrition: Fueling Your Active Dog

Australian Shepherds rank among the top 12 popular dog breeds in the U.S. They are highly energetic and agile. Their diet is crucial for maintaining their active lifestyle. Knowing what essential nutrients they need and following diet plans helps. This ensures your Aussie remains healthy and full of energy.

Essential Nutrients

To fuel an active Australian Shepherd, focus on key nutrients. Proteins are essential, with an ideal range of 25-30% for active dogs. Consider grain-free options, offering 26% protein, or a Fish recipe with 34% per cup. They should also have carbs for energy and vitamins for overall health. Omega fatty acids and probiotics are vital for their coat and immune system.

Recommended Diet Plans

For Australian Shepherds, a diet balancing caloric and nutrient needs is key. They need about 1,353 to 1,740 calories per day. This translates to around 25 grams of protein and 14 grams of fat. Options include grain-free food with 14.5% fat. There are also Bone Broth pour-overs for extra benefits. Adjust the diet based on the dog’s age and activity level.

Feeding Schedule

A strict feeding schedule ensures your Australian Shepherd stays healthy. Split their food into two or three meals a day to regulate energy. They also need more water, about 0.5 dl per kg of body weight. Considering their active lifestyle, ensure timely meals to support their energy needs.

essential nutrients

Food Option

Protein Content per Cup

Fat Content per Cup

Calories per Cup

Grain-Free Dry Food (Chicken/Turkey)26%14.5%427 kCal
Dehydrated Limited Ingredient Fish Recipe34%N/AN/A
Bone Broth Pour Overs – Beef4.5%2.5%107 kCal per box

Exercise Needs: Keeping Your Aussie Active and Engaged

An Australian Shepherd’s wellbeing relies on proper exercise and mental challenges. They need 1-2 hours of activity every day for good health. Activities should mix vigorous exercise with fun, interactive play.

Exercise helps keep your Aussie healthy and prevents boredom. Using puzzle toys and training boosts their mental health. It also strengthens your bond and makes them happier.

Each stage of life needs different exercise. Puppies should have short walks, increasing 10 minutes monthly from eight weeks. Adults need 1-2 hours of activity daily. Seniors benefit from gentle exercise to stay agile without harm.

Regular vet visits are crucial for catching health issues early. Provide fresh water during exercise, avoid risky jumps, and watch for overheating. This keeps your dog in top shape.

Socializing and training are key to an Aussie’s exercise routine. Playdates and training games improve their social skills and prevent bad behavior. A consistent and varied routine ensures a happy and well-behaved Aussie.



Daily Exercise1–2 hours of mixed activities
Exercise for Puppies10 minutes per day per month of age
Key ActivitiesAgility, obedience training, herding exercises, interactive play
Preventive Care TipsMonitor health, avoid high jumps, provide fresh water, prevent heatstroke

Australian Shepherd Care: Health and Wellness Tips

Keeping your Australian Shepherd healthy is key. They can have specific health issues. Learn about these conditions and provide preventive care and regular vet visits. This helps your Aussie live a healthier life.

Common Health Issues

Australian Shepherds face several health problems. These can affect their quality of life. Issues like hip and elbow dysplasia can cause pain and lead to osteoarthritis. Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) might make them go blind by ages 3 to 9. They can also have vision problems from hereditary cataracts and iris colobomas. Epilepsy might require daily meds. The Multidrug Resistance Mutation (MDR1) makes them sensitive to some meds. Plus, their coat color can be linked to deafness risks.

Preventive Care

Preventive care is crucial for your Aussie’s health. Feed them a balanced diet with high-quality proteins and nutrients. The AAFCO approves diets, especially for active dogs. Regular exercise and mental activities keep them healthy and prevent bad behavior. A schedule for deworming and fecal exams can catch digestive issues early.

Veterinary Check-Ups

Annual vet check-ups catch health problems early in Australian Shepherds. Your vet will screen for hip and elbow dysplasia, epilepsy, cataracts, PRA, and cardiomyopathy. Genetic testing for MDR1 and hearing tests manage medication sensitivities and hearing issues. They also check for cancers like lymphosarcoma and hemangiosarcoma, more common in this breed.

Here’s a quick look at health issues and how to prevent them:

Health Issue


Preventive Care

Hip & Elbow DysplasiaCommonRoutine check-ups, proper exercise, diet
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)ModerateRegular eye exams
Hereditary CataractsModerateGenetic testing, eye exams
Iris ColobomaCommonRegular eye checks
Primary EpilepsyFrequentMedication, vet monitoring
MDR1 MutationModerateGenetic testing, careful medication selection
DeafnessModerateHearing tests, specialized training
Lymphosarcoma/HemangiosarcomaModerateRoutine vet screenings


Exploring Australian Shepherd care shows their amazing agility, smarts, and energy. These dogs weigh 40-65 pounds and live 12-15 years. Their friendship offers lasting happiness and fun adventures.

Aussies face some health risks, like eye problems and epilepsy. Knowing about issues like MDR1 is key for their care. It’s crucial to understand these to keep them healthy.

Good food, exercise, grooming, and health care are essential. Regular vet visits and careful breeding matter too. By following these tips, you’re on track to a great life with your Aussie.


Q: What is the origin of the Australian Shepherd?

A: The Australian Shepherd did not originate from Australia, but in the Pyrenees Mountains. Basque shepherds brought them to America in the late 1800s. They are well-known for their top-notch herding skills in the United States.

Q: What are the physical characteristics of an Australian Shepherd?

A: Australian Shepherds are medium-sized with colorful coats and sometimes, bobbed tails. They are strong, have expressive eyes, and are very agile and enduring.

Q: What common personality traits should I expect from my Australian Shepherd?

A: They are smart, full of energy, and very loyal. They love to stay active physically and mentally. They are also hardworking, loving, and protective of their families.

Q: How often should I brush my Australian Shepherd?

A: You should brush your Australian Shepherd every week. This helps manage their shedding all year and keeps their coat healthy. You might need to brush them when they shed more in spring and fall.

Q: How can I manage my Australian Shepherd’s seasonal shedding?

A: For seasonal shedding, brush them regularly with tools made for shedding. A diluted conditioning treatment can also help prevent mats and tangles.

Q: What essential nutrients does an Australian Shepherd need?

A: They need a balanced diet with quality proteins, whole grains, fruits, veggies, vitamins, minerals, omega fatty acids, and probiotics. This keeps them healthy.

Q: What is a recommended diet plan for my Australian Shepherd?

A: Feed them high-quality proteins like chicken or fish, whole grains such as brown rice, and various fruits and veggies. Always talk to your vet for tailored advice.

Q: How often should I feed my Australian Shepherd?

A: Adult Australian Shepherds should eat twice a day. Puppies might need to eat more often. Make sure the portion sizes are right for their age, weight, and how active they are.

Q: How much exercise does an Australian Shepherd need daily?

A: They need about two hours of exercise each day. This should include running, herding, or agility training. They also need interactive play and something to make them think.

Q: What are common health issues in Australian Shepherds?

A: They can get hip and elbow dysplasia, epilepsy, PRA, hereditary cataracts, and MDR1 mutation. Taking them to the vet regularly helps catch and manage these issues early.

Q: What preventative care is essential for an Australian Shepherd?

A: Important preventative care includes vaccinations, flea and tick prevention, caring for their teeth, and a balanced diet. Do not forget about exercise and games that make them think.

Q: How often should I schedule veterinary check-ups for my Australian Shepherd?

A: They should see the vet at least once a year if they are adults. Puppies and older dogs might need to go more often. This makes sure they get their shots and preventative care needed.

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About the author

Nathan Green

I'm Nate Green, a lifelong dog lover and proud owner of numerous dogs throughout my adult life. My passion for dogs goes beyond just owning them; I am dedicated to understanding and sharing the joys and complexities of dog ownership with fellow enthusiasts.